Cyberspace is a wide range of interconnected digital technologies. The term has entered popular culture from science fiction and art, but is now used by technology strategists, security professionals, government, military and industry leaders, and entrepreneurs to describe the global technological environment. Others believe that cyberspace is just a conceptual environment for communicating over a computer network. The term became popular in the 1990s, when the use of the Internet and digital communications grew dramatically, and the term cyberspace could represent many new ideas and phenomena that are emerging.
The main term for cyberspace is “cybernetics“, derived from the Ancient Greek κυβερνήτης(kybernētēs, steersman, governor, pilot, or rudder), a term coined by Norbert Wiener’s groundbreaking work in the field of electronic communication and control science. This term first appeared in the art installation of the same name by the Danish artist Susanne Ussing (1968).
As a social experience, individuals can use this global network to interact, exchange ideas, share information, provide social support, conduct business, guide action, create art media, play games, participate in political discussions, and more. They are sometimes called cybercrime. The term cyberspace has become a traditional means of describing anything related to the Internet and the diverse Internet culture. As part of the nation’s critical infrastructure, the US government recognizes that interconnected information technology and interdependent information technology infrastructure networks operate on the media. In individuals in cyberspace, it is believed that sharing rules and ethics are beneficial to everyone, the so-called network ethics. Many people believe that privacy is critical to the functional code of network ethics. This ethical responsibility complements when working online with a global network, especially when opinions involve online social experiences.
According to Chip Morningstar and F. Randall Farmer, cyberspace is more defined by the social interactions involved rather than its technical implementation. They believe that the computing medium in cyberspace is an enhancement of communication channels between real people
The core feature of cyberspace is that it provides an environment composed of many participants who can influence each other. They derive this concept from the observations of people seeking richness, complexity and depth in the virtual world.